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You are interested in the Flora of Mongolia? You want to share your knowledge and/or your collection on mongolian plants with internet users worldwide?

For more information see:

Project FloraGREIF: Key to a Virtual Flora of Mongolia (Flyer, PDF)

herbarium number of mongolian herbarium specimens hosted and made publicly available
(last update: 10/2014)
GFW 3.313
B 308
LE 180
OSBU 1.687
HAL 11.653
GAT 200
private herbarium H. v. Wehrden 67
private herbarium K. Wesche 207
Müritzeum 111
private herbarium K.F. Günther 354
private herbarium S. Rilke 478

Pick your family or genus from the list above and contact us: florafloragreif.uni-greifswald.de

Please note: plant images are always welcome if they fit our requirements: (1) authors allowance (2) high resolution image file (3) plant characteristics are perceptible (4) date and location are given.

Useful advices for photographers:

  • a scale next to the plant is helpful, e.g. a coin or a ruler
  • different views on the same plant are helpful (top view, front view, habitat view)
  • the inflorescence is often the most impressive part, but in order to identify the specimen a closer look at the leaves, stem, and habit is unavoidable

family editor(s) photographer(s)*
Adoxaceae S. Rilke, July 2009
Alismataceae S. Rilke, January 2012
Alliaceae N. Friesen 2012; A. Zemmrich & N. Friesen 2008 M. Kretschmer, 2003, 2006
Amaranthaceae
Apiaceae K.F. Günther, in preparation M. Kretschmer, 2003, 2006; M. Schnittler, 2003, 2006
Apocynaceae S. Rilke, August 2010
Araceae
Asclepiadaceae S. Rilke & E. Dauber, August 2010
Asparagaceae
Asphodelaceae
Aspidiaceae
Aspleniaceae
Asteraceae M. Kretschmer, 2003, 2006; Y. Novozhilov 2007; M. Schnittler, 2003, 2006
  Artemisia M. Schnittler, in preparation
  Cichorieae (excl. Hieracium) N. Kilian
  Saussurea E. Raab-Straube
Athyriaceae
Balsaminaceae S. Rilke, June 2009
Berberidaceae
Betulaceae
Biebersteiniaceae S. Rilke, November 2008
Bignoniaceae
Boraginaceae S. Rilke, April 2014 M. Kretschmer, 2003, 2006
Botrychiaceae
Brassicaceae M. Kretschmer, 2003, 2006
Butomaceae S. Rilke, June 2009
Callitrichaceae S. Rilke, May 2009
Campanulaceae
Cannabaceae S. Rilke, July 2009
Capparaceae
Caprifoliaceae S. Rilke & S. Starke, November 2012
Caryophyllaceae G. Laskov, February 2013 M. Kretschmer, 2003, 2006; M. Schnittler, 2003, 2006
Celastraceae
Ceratophyllaceae S. Rilke, July 2009
Chenopodiaceae M. Kretschmer, 2003, 2006; M. Schnittler, 2003, 2006; M. Stubbe 2004
  Agriophyllum S. Rilke
  Atriplex S. Rilke 2010, A. Sukhorukov 2012
  Axyris S. Rilke
  Ceratocarpus S. Rilke
  Kalidium S. Rilke
  Krascheninnikovia S. Rilke
  Salsola S. Rilke
  Suaeda H. Freitag & M. Lomonosova, February 2011
Convallariaceae
Convolvulaceae
Cornaceae
Crassulaceae
Cryptogrammaceae
Cupressaceae
Cuscutaceae
Cynomoriaceae S. Rilke, June 2009
Cyperaceae M. Schnittler, January 2011 M. Kretschmer, 2003, 2006
Dipsacaceae S. Rilke, June 2009
Droseraceae S. Rilke, August 2014
Elaeagnaceae S. Rilke, July 2009
Empetraceae S. Rilke, April 2009; 2014
Ephedraceae H. Freitag & M. Maier-Stolte, April 2009
Equisetaceae S. Rilke & S. Starke, October 2012
Ericaceae
Euphorbiaceae
Fabaceae M. Kretschmer, 2003, 2006; M. Schnittler, 2003, 2006
  Astragalus D. Podlech, 2009-2011
Frankeniaceae S. Rilke, March 2009
Fumariaceae S. Rilke & S. Starke, March 2012
Gentianaceae S. Rilke & K. Ungethüm, June 2013 M. Kretschmer, 2003, 2006; M. Schnittler, 2003, 2006
Geraniaceae S. Rilke, January 2009
Grossulariaceae S. Rilke & S. Starke, March 2012
Haloragaceae S. Rilke, July 2009
Hemerocallidaceae
Hippuridaceae S. Rilke, July 2009
Huperziaceae
Hypecoaceae S. Rilke, July 2009
Hypericaceae S. Rilke, February 2009
Hypolepidaceae
Iridaceae
Juncaceae S. Rilke & S. Starke, August 2014
Juncaginaceae S. Rilke, June 2009
Lamiaceae A. Weitkunat & S. Rilke, 2014 M. Kretschmer, 2003, 2006; M. Schnittler, 2003, 2006
Lemnaceae
Lentibulariaceae
  Utricularia Jost Casper, 1975
Liliaceae
Linaceae
Lycopodiaceae
Lythraceae
Malvaceae S. Rilke, March 2009
Melanthiaceae Rilke: March 2012
Menispermaceae S. Rilke, June 2009
Menyanthaceae S. Rilke, July 2009
Molluginaceae
Monotropaceae
Najadaceae S. Rilke, June 2009
Nitrariaceae
Nymphaeaceae S. Rilke, July 2009
Onagraceae
Orchidaceae S. Rilke, August 2012 M. Vesper, June 2007
Orobanchaceae H. Uhlich, February 2013
  Pedicularis P. Kuss, 2011
Oxalidaceae
Paeoniaceae S. Rilke, May 2010
Papaveraceae P. Hanelt, May 2010
Parnassiaceae
Peganaceae
Pinaceae S. Rilke, in Preparation M. Schnittler, 2003, 2006
Plantaginaceae
Plumbaginaceae
Poaceae S. Rilke & S. Starke, 2010 M. Kretschmer, 2003, 2006; M. Schnittler, 2003, 2006
  Eragrostis H. Scholz, 2010
Polemoniaceae
Polygalaceae S. Rilke & S. Starke, August 2014
Polygonaceae A. Zemmrich, 2009; S. Rilke, 2014 M. Kretschmer, 2003, 2006
Polypodiaceae
Portulacaceae
Potamogetonaceae
Primulaceae M. Kretschmer, 2003, 2006
Pyrolaceae S. Rilke, 2014
Ranunculaceae S. Rilke, July 2010 M. Kretschmer, 2003, 2006; M. Schnittler, 2003, 2006
Rhamnaceae S. Rilke, February 2009
Rosaceae S. Rilke & S. Starke, 2013 M. Kretschmer, 2003, 2006; M. Schnittler, 2003, 2006
Rubiaceae
Rutaceae S. Rilke, April 2012
Salicaceae M. Kretschmer, 2003, 2006
  Populus Anne Petzold, March 2012
Santalaceae
Saxifragaceae
Scheuchzeriaceae
Scrophulariaceae s. Rilke & E. Heinrich, July 2014 M. Kretschmer, 2003, 2006
Selaginellaceae
Sinopteridaceae
Solanaceae
Sparganiaceae
Tamaricaceae S. Rilke, May 2009
Thelypteridaceae
Thymelaeaceae S. Rilke, July 2009
Trilliaceae
Typhaceae
Ulmaceae
Urticaceae S. Starke & S. Rilke, January 2014
Valerianaceae E. Dauber & S. Rilke, in preparation
Verbenaceae S. Rilke, July 2009
Violaceae
Woodsiaceae
Zannichelliaceae S. Rilke, February 2012
Zygophyllaceae S. Rilke, June 2014

*comlete list of photographers: S. Breckle, E. & M. Dauber, H. Freitag, M. Hauck & B. Solongo, W. Hilbig, E. Jäger, F. Joly, M. Kretschmer, G. Laskov, F. Mark, Y. Novozhilov, D. Pietsch, S. Rilke, M. Schäffler, E. Schlunegger M. Schnittler, M. Stubbe, U. Timmermann, M. Vesper, K. Wächter, D. Wächter, T. Weiss, A. Zemmrich (last update: 10/2014)

listings and text by: S. Rilke & U. Najmi

Species with references to Mongolia without specific locality data (cited in Gubanov 1996)

Apiaceae Conium maculatum L. (Flora Sibiri, 1996, 10 : 140, 163 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: Weed around residences, on dumps, along roadsides, in kitchen gardens (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 10, 2006).

Apiaceae Oenanthe javanica (Blume) DC. (Flora Sibiri, 1996, 10 : 140, 163 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: In swamps (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 10, 2006).

Asteraceae Crepis lyrata (L.) Froel. (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 13 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: In forests, glades, meadows, borders, up to high-mountain belts (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 13, 2007).

Asteraceae Galatella angustissima (Tausch) Novopokr. (Flora Evr. chasti SSSR, 1994, 7 : 192 cited in Gubanov 1996)

Asteraceae Jurinea multiflora (L.) B. Fedtsch. (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 13 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: Steppes, steppified and solonetzic meadows, fallow lands, borders of pine forests (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 13, 2007).

Asteraceae Ligularia glauca (L.) Hoffm. (Kamelin 1998 cited in Gubanov 1999)

Asteraceae Petasites sibiricus (J. F. Gmel.) Dingwall (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 13 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: Rubble tundras in mountain regions and in plains, moist slopes, talus, marshy tundras and banks of brooks (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 13, 2007).

Asteraceae Saussurea gracilis Herd. (Kamelin 1998 cited in Gubanov 1999)

Asteraceae Saussurea purpurata Fisch. ex Herd. (Kamelin 1998 cited in Gubanov 1999)

Asteraceae Serratula cardunculus (Pall.) Schischk. (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 13 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: Steppified, solonetzic meadows, banks of saline lakes, desert steppes (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 13, 2007).

Asteraceae Serratula komarovii Iljin (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 13 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: Arid stony slopes (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 13, 2007).

Asteraceae Serratula manshurica Kitag. (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 13 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: Tall-grass meadows and scrubs (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 13, 2007).

Asteraceae Solidago gebleri Juz. (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 13 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: Found in mountains in upper part of forest belt, in subalpine and alpine meadows, stony slopes, scrubs, generally plants of alpine tundra (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 13, 2007).

Asteraceae Taraxacum aksaicum Schischk. (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 13 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: In solonetzic meadows, pebble beds (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 13, 2007).

Asteraceae Taraxacum baicalense Schischk. (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 13 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: Arid meadows, stony steppes, solonetzes (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 13, 2007).

Asteraceae Taraxacum chamarense Peschkova (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 13 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: In alpine meadows, banks of rivers and lakes, moist stony slopes and talus in high mountains (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 13, 2007).

Asteraceae Taraxacum compactum Schischk. (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 13 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: In arid meadows, grassy slopes, roadsides (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 13, 2007).

Asteraceae Taraxacum czuense Schischk. (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 13 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: Solonetzic meadows, scrubs, arid stony steppes (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 13, 2007).

Asteraceae Taraxacum mujense Petroczenko (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 13 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: On moist grasslands, banks of brooks, moist talus and melkozem in high mountains (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 13, 2007).

Asteraceae Taraxacum pseudoatratum Oraz. (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 13 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: Arid stony slopes and talus, pebble beds (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 13, 2007).

Asteraceae Taraxacum sangilense Krasnob. et V. Khan. (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 13 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: In alpine meadows in high mountains, river banks, wet talus (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 13, 2007).

Asteraceae Taraxacum tuvense Krasnob. et Krasnikov (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 13 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: On fine-rubble talus in high mountains (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 13, 2007).

Asteraceae Turczaninowia fastigiata (Fisch.) DC. (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 13 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: On banks of humid forbs meadows (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 13, 2007).

Betulaceae Betula fructicosa montana M. Schemberg (Flora Sibiri, 1992, 5 : 67 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: Forms thickets (dwarf birch thickets) along mountain brooks, rivers. Escapes into tundra (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 5, 2003).

Betulaceae Duschekia manshurica (Call.) Pouzar (Cherepanov, 1955 cited in Gubanov 1996)

Boraginaceae Craniospermum subfloccosum Kryl. (Flora of China, 1995, vol. 16 : 415 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: On rocks (Flora of China, 1995, Vol. 16 : 415).

Boraginaceae Lappula anisacantha (Turcz. ex Bunge) Guerke (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 11 : 133, 139 – 142 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: On steppe slopes and sand (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 11, 2006).

Boraginaceae Lappula marginata (Bieb.) Guerke (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 11 : 133, 139 – 142 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: In arid steppes, sandy areas (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 11, 2006).

Boraginaceae Lappula redowskii (Hornem.) Greene (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 11 : 133, 139 – 142 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: On rocky and rubbly southern slopes, pebble beds, in steppes (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 11, 2006).

Boraginaceae Lappula tenuis (Ledeb.) Guerke (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 11 : 133, 139 – 142 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: On arid steppe slopes and meadows (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 11, 2006).

Boraginaceae Lappula tuvinica Ovczinnikova (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 11 : 133, 139 – 142 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: In desertified steppes and steppified meadows (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 11, 2006).

Boraginaceae Mertensia meyeriana (Sims) G. Don (Flora of China, 1995, 16 : 376 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: Meadows of slopes, glades (Flora of China, 1995, Vol. 16 : 376).

Brassicaceae Cardamine lyrata Bunge (Flora Sibiri, 1994, 7 : 82 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: Along banks of rivers and brooks (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 7, 2004).

Brassicaceae Draba alpina brachycarpa (Bunga) Malyschev (Flora Sibiri, 1993, 7 : 138 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: In alpine belt, on rock and rubble slopes of mountains (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 7, 2004).

Brassicaceae Draba dasycarpa C. A. Mey. (Flora Sibiri, 1993, 6 : 138 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: Along banks of brooks in subalpine mountain belt (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 7, 2004).

Brassicaceae Erysimum amurense Kitag. (Sosud. rast. sov. Daln. Vost., 1988, 3 : 104; Flora Sibiri, 1994, 7 : 67 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: On arid rock slopes, rocks, and screes, riverine sand and pebble beds (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 7, 2004).

Brassicaceae Lepidium perfoliatum L. (Sosud. rast. sov. Daln. Vost., 1988, 3 : 44; Flora Sibiri, 1994, 7 : 143 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: In steppes, rubble slopes, solonetzic steppe meadows, as weed on railroad embankments (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 7, 2001).

Brassicaceae Sisymbrium junceum intermedium Ovczinnikova (Flora Sibiri, 1994, 7 : 54 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: In herbaceous-wormwood, rocky steppes, on rocks (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 7, 2004).

Caryophyllaceae Arenaria longifolia Bieb. (Flora SSSR, 1936, 6 : 528; Flora Sibiri, 1993, 6 : 50 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: On rubble slopes (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 6, 2003).

Caryophyllaceae Dianthus superbus sajanensis Baikov (Flora Sibiri, 1993, 6 : 94 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: In larch forests, meadows, pebble bed banks of rivers, subalpine and alpine meadows, dwarf birch groves, moss tundras, rocky southern slopes, small rock streams (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 6, 2003).

Caryophyllaceae Lychnis chalcedonica L. (Flora Sibiri, 1987, 6 : 58 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: In tall-grass meadows along river valleys, in forests, forest borders (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 6, 2003).

Caryophyllaceae Silene sobolevskajae Czer. (Flora Sibiri, 1993, 6 : 69 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: In alpine meadows, cliffs (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 6, 2003).

Caryophyllaceae Silene wolgensis (Hornem.) Otth (Devyatov, 1987; Flora Sibiri, 1993, 6 : 69, 75 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: In steppes, on meadows, grassy slopes, sparse forests (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 6, 2003).

Crassulaceae Sedum aizoon baicalense Peschk. (Flora Sibiri, 1994, 7 : 162 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: On rocks, talus, rocky southern slopes, in arid pine groves in lower steppe belt (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 7, 2004).

Cyperaceae Carex capillaris L. (Flora Sibiri, 1990, 3 :114 cited in Gubanov 1996 )
Habitat: Forest and floodplain meadows, among scrub, on mossy river banks. Typical of forest zone (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 3, 2001).

Cyperaceae Carex drymophila Turcz. ex Steud. (Sosud. rast. sov. Daln. Vost. 1988, 3 : 289, 339, 344 cited in Gubanov 1996)

Cyperaceae Carex kirganica Kom. (Sosud. rast. sov. Daln. Vost. 1988, 3 : 289, 339, 344 cited in Gubanov 1996)

Cyperaceae Carex rotundata Wahlenb. (Ford, Ball, 1992 cited in Gubanov 1999)

Cyperaceae Carex vanheurckii Muell. Arg. (Sosud. rast. sov. Daln. Vost. 1988, 3 : 289, 339, 344 cited in Gubanov 1996)

Fabaceae Hedysarum theinum Krasnob. (Krasnoborov i dr., 1985; Flora Sibiri, 1994, 9 : 165 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: In alpine, subalpine meadows, rocky slopes in high-mountain belt and adjoining regions of forest belt, along brooks, forest meadows (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 9, 2006).

Fumariaceae Corydalis bracteata (Steph.) Pers. (Flora Sibiri, 1994, 7 : 35, 39 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: In forests, more often dark coniferous forests, and their borders, ascends on to high mountains where it is found in sparse forests under bald peaks and subalpine meadows (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 7, 2004).

Fumariaceae Corydalis sajanensis Peschk. (Flora Sibiri, 1994, 7 : 35, 39 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: In alpine belt (1500-2500 m alt.) along banks of brooks and rivulets, in wet alpine grasslands, swamped meadows, scrubs under bald peaks, sparse larch forests, moss tundras, slopes of cirques and rock talus (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 7, 2004).

Gentianaceae Gentiana atrata Bunge (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 11 : 76 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: In meadows, forest borders (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 11, 2006).

Gentianaceae Gentiana variegata (Zuev) Czer. (Zuev, 1986 cited in Gubanov 1996)

Gentianaceae Swertia connata Schrenk (Flora of China, 1995, 16 : 108, 120 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: Hillsides, forest margins; 1600-2600 m (Flora of China, Vol. 16, 1995).

Gentianaceae Swertia diluta (Turcz.) Benth. et Hook. (Flora of China, 1995, 16 : 108, 120 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: 100-3100 m (Flora of China, Vol. 16, 1995).

Geraniaceae Geranium krylovii Tzvel. (Flora Sibiri, 1996, 10 : 14 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: In larch, mixed, and pine forests, forest borders, glades, along valley meadows, scrubs; ascends into high mountains, being common in alpine and subalpine meadows, in sparse forests, dwarf birch thickets, and grassy tundras at foot of bald peaks (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 10, 2006).

Iridaceae Iris loczyi Kanitz (Flora Sibiri, 1987, 4: 119 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: In cereal grass-wormwood steppes (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 4, 2001)

Iridaceae Iris ruthenica brevituba (Maxim.) Doronkin (Flora Sibiri, 1987, 4 : 121 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: In deciduous forests and exposed rocky slopes (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 4, 2001).

Lamiaceae Dracocephalum olchonense Peschkova (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 11 : 180 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: In arid, quite often rocky-rubbly or sandy steppes, often as weed in waste lands on roadside, railroad embankments, fallow land, occasionally on sand in pine forests (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 11, 2006).

Lamiaceae Hyssopus ambiguus (Trautv.) Iljin (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 11 : 165, 204 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: On rocky and rubbly slopes, rocks (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 11, 2006).

Lamiaceae Scutellaria sieversii Bunge (Flora Sibiri, 1997, 11 : 165, 204 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: On rocky and rubbly slopes (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 11, 2006).

Lythraceae Lythrum intermedium Ledeb. (Sosud. rast. sov. Daln. Vost., 1988, 3 : 133; Spisok rast. Gerb. fl. Rossii i sopredelnykh gosudarstv, 1992, 28 : 43 cited in Gubanov (1996); Flora Sibiri, 1996, 10 : 106 cited in Gubanov 1999 )
Habitat: In floodplain terraces of rivers, around thermal springs (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 10, 2006).

Lythraceae Lythrum salicaria L. (Flora Sibiri, 1996, 10 : 106 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: In wet and marshy meadows, swamps, in aspen-birch stands, coastal scrubs (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 10, 2006).

Lythraceae Lythrum virgatum L. (Flora Sibiri, 1996, 10 : 106 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: In floodplain and marshy meadows, swamps, along banks of reservoirs, on pebble beds (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 10, 2006).

Orchidaceae Dactylorhiza longifolia (Neuman) Aver. (Flora Sibiri, 1987, 4 : 129 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: In wet meadows, lowland marshes, forests and scrub (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 4, 2001).

Plantaginaceae Plantago urvillei Opiz (Flora Sibiri, 1996, 12 : 110 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: In steppe zone and adjoining forest regions, steppes, solonetzic, arid valley meadows, thin forests, arid grassy slopes, fallow land, roadsides, river valleys (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 12, 2007).

Poaceae Agropyron erickssonii (Meld.) Peschk. (Flora Sibiri, 1990, 2 : 38, 39 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: Hill-steppe belt, rocky-rubble steppes, steppified meadows, sand knolls (Flora of Siberia, Vol.2, 2001)

Poaceae Agropyron kazachstanicum (Tzvel.) Peschk. (Flora Sibiri, 1990, 2 : 38, 39 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: Rocky-rubble steppes, rocks, steppe scrubs, desert associations, less often on sand and sandy steppes, ascending to 2,000 m in hills (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 2, 2001).

Poaceae Agrostis tuvinica Peschk. (Flora Sibiri, 1990, 2 : 112 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: Middle and upper mountain belt, sand-pepple river banks, subalpine meadows and shrubs, mixed forests and exposed slopes (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 2, 2001).

Poaceae Dactylis glomerata L. (Tsvelev, 1976 : 517; Flora Sibiri, 1990, 2 : 209 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: Floodplain meadows, forest fringes (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 2, 2001).

Poaceae Echinochloa crusgalli caudata (Roshev.) Tvzel. (Flora Sibiri, 1990, 2 : 237 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: Banks of water reservoirs (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 52, 2001).

Poaceae Festuca jacutica Drob. (Flora Sibiri, 1990, 2 : 149 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: Sparse forests (predominantly larch and pine), shrups, forest glades, arid meadows, rocky slopes, rocks; up to mid-mountain belt (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 2, 2001).

Poaceae Festuca pseudosulcata Drob. (Socud. rast. sov. Dalnego Vost., 1985, 1 : 257 cited in Gubanov 1996)

Poaceae Hierochloë glabra chakassica Peschk. (Flora Sibiri, 1990, 2 : 118 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: Solonetz, wet and marshy meadows along river valleys, sandy and rocky steppes, sometimes in pine groves (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 2, 2001).

Poaceae Hierochloë odorata arctica (C. Presl) Tzvel. (Tsvelev, 1968, 1976 cited in Gubanov 1996)

Poaceae Hierochloë odorata sibirica Tzvel. (Tsvelev 1968, 1976 cited in Gubanov 1996)

Poaceae Hordeum macilentum Steud. (Flora Sibiri, 1990, 2 : 57 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: Saline meadows and solonchaks along banks of salt lakes (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 2, 2001).

Poaceae Leymus ordensis Peschk. (Flora Sibiri, 1990, 2 : 49, 52 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: Solonchak meadows and steppes in steppe regions (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 2, 2001).

Poaceae Leymus racemosus crassinervius (Kar. et Kir.) Tzvel. (Flora Sibiri, 1990, 2 : 50 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: Sand dunes, sand steppes and semideserts, dry pine groves, thickets of steppe pea tree (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 2, 2001).

Poaceae Setaria italica (L.) Beauv. (Tsvelev, 1976 : 677, 678 cited in Gubanov 1996 )

Poaceae Setaria viridis pycnocoma (Steud.) Tzvel. (Tsvelev, 1976 : 677, 678 cited in Gubanov 1996)

Polygonaceae Polygonum borgoicum Tupitzina (Flora Sibiri, 1992, 5 : 129 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: In wet solonetzes (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 5, 2003).

Ranunculaceae Aconitum ranunculoides Turcz. (Sosud. rast. sov. Daln. Vost., 1995, 7 : 47 cited in Gubanov 1996)

Ranunculaceae Aconitum rubicundum Fisch. (Flora Sibiri, 1993, 6 : 138 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: In wet forests, tall-grass meadows, ascends up to upper forest belt (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 6, 2003).

Ranunculaceae Aquilegia parviflora Ledeb. (Flora SSSR, 1937, 7 : 88; Flora Sibiri, 1993, 6 : 110 cited in Gubanov 1996 (as 6: 138))
Habitat: In sparse grassy forests and along borders (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 6, 2003).

Ranunculaceae Aquilegia tuvinica I. M. Vassil. (Vasileva, 1992 cited in Gubanov 1996)

Ranunculaceae Ranunculus pedatifidus turczaninovii Luferov (Luferov, 1992 cited in Gubanov 1996)

Ranunculaceae Ranunculus rigescens Turcz. ex Trautv. (Flora Sibiri, 1993, 6 : 193 cited in Gubanov 1996)

Ranunculaceae Thalictrum foetidum acutilobum (DC.) Frisen (Flora Sibiri, 1993, 6 : 203 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: On cliffs and rubble and steppe slopes (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 6, 2003).

Rhamnaceae Rhamnus dahurica Pall. (Flora Sibiri, 1996, 10 : 64 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: Along banks of rivers and brooks in scrubs (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 10, 2006).

Rosaceae Alchemilla phalacropoda Juz. (Yuzepchuk, 1954; cited in Gubanov 1996 )

Rosaceae Potentilla angustiloba Yu et Li (Sojak, 1986; cited in Gubanov 1996)

Rosaceae Rubus chamaemorus L. (Flora Sibiri, 1988, 8 : 30 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: In arctic and forest zones, forest belt in sphagnum bogs, moist moss and moss-lichen tundras (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 8, 2004).

Rubiaceae Galium ruthenicum Willd. (Flora Sibiri, 1996, 12 : 120 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: In steppes, on arid slopes of mud cones, stony banks of rivers, roadsides, forest borders (Flora of Siberia, Vol.12, 2007).

Ruppiaceae Ruppia drepanensis Tineo (Flora Sibiri, 1988, 1 : 105 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: In bitter-brackish water reservoirs (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 1, 2000).

Ruppiaceae Ruppia maritima L. (Sosudistye rasteniya sovetskogo Dalnego Vostoka, 1987, 2 : 336 cited in Gubanov 1996)

Salicaceae Salix caesia tschujensis N. Bolschakov (Flora Sibiri, 1992, 5 : 44 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: In steppe, forest-steepe, sometimes forest and subalpine belts along swampy floodplains and banks of rivers, near springs; at times, dominant (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 5, 2003).

Santalaceae Thesium multicaule Ledeb. (Flora Sibiri, 1992, 5 : 83, 87 cited in Gubanov 1996)

Santalaceae Thesium tuvense Krasnob. (Flora Sibiri, 1992, 5 : 83, 87 cited in Gubanov 1996)
Habitat: Sand dunes in desert steppes (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 5, 2003).

Scrophulariaceae Mazus stachydifolium (Turcz.) Maxim. (Flora Sibiri, 1996, 12 : 16, 24, 64 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: In river valleys, floodplain meadows (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 12, 2007).

Scrophulariaceae Rhinanthus serotinus (Schoen.) Oborny (Flora Sibiri, 1996, 12 : 16, 24, 64 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: Borders of forests, pine forests, among scrubs, roadsides (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 12, 2007).

Scrophulariaceae Verbascum thapsus L. (Flora Sibiri, 1996, 12 : 16, 24, 64 cited in Gubanov 1999)
Habitat: In southern forest and steppe regions, exposed rocky, grassy slopes, river banks, meadows, forest glades, scrubs, plantations, roadsides (Flora of Siberia, Vol. 12, 2007).

Woodsiaceae Woodsia asiatica Schmakov et Kiselev (Shmakov & Kiselev, 1995 cited in Gubanov 1996 )

Woodsiaceae Woodsia asplenioides Rupr. (Shmakov & Kiselev, 1995 cited in Gubanov 1996)

Sources

IPNI – The International Plant Names Index

Listing: Links to Nomenclatural resources, Digitized botanical literature, Sources of current names (compiled by IPNI)

IOPI International Organization for Plant Information

Query the NCU database – NCU-3e. Names in current use for extant plant genera (Electronic version 1.0)

The Plant List – A working list of all plant species

Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, version 12

EDIT – Platform for Cybertaxonomy

Tropicos.org

eFloras.org – Primary Floras:

  • A Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Madagascar
  • Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal
  • Flora of Chile
  • Flora of China
  • Flora of Missouri
  • Flora of North America
  • Flora of Pakistan
  • Moss Flora of China
  • Trees and shrubs of the Andes of Ecuador

Index Herbariorum

Overview of Herbaria with plant collections presented in FloraGREIF. Further information on herbarium acronyms : http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih/index.php

B Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem
GAT Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research
GFW Botanisches Institut und Botanischer Garten,
Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität
HAL Institut für Geobotanik und Botanischer Garten,
Martin-Luther-Universität
JE Herbarium Haussknecht, Institut für Spezielle Botanik, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena
KAS Morphologie und Systematik der Pflanzen,
Fachbereich 19, Universität Gesamthochschule Kassel
Herbaria Khovd State University Khovd, city of Khovd, Khovd Aimag, Mongolia
LE Russian Academy of Sciences, V. L. Komarov Botanical Institute
NY New York Botanical Garden
OSBU Herbarium der Abteilung für Botanik, Universität Osnabrück
UBA Mongolian Academy of Sciences
US Smithsonian Institution
K.-F. Günther Private herbarium K.-F. Günther, Buchaer Str. 6 b, D-07745 Jena, Germany
Kretschmer Private herbarium of Martin Kretschmer, Hauptstr. 34, D-15366 Neuenhagen, Germany; contact: martin.kretschmer@gmx.de
Miehe Private herbarium Georg & Sabine Miehe
Müritzeum Waren/Müritz Naturhistorische Landessammlungen
Rilke Private herbarium of Sabrina Rilke, R. Breitscheidstr. 5, D-17489 Greifswald, Germany; contact: Sabrina.Rilke@gmx.de
Schnittler Private herbarium of Martin Schnittler, University of Greifswald
Strauss Private herbarium Mongolia of Andrea Strauss (plant collection at present in GFW)
T. Dietrich Kazakhstan Private herbarium Kazakhstan of Til Dietrich (plant collection at present in GFW)
Wehrden/Herbar Wesche Herbarium of Gobi Gurvan Saikhan Project (University of Halle-Wittenberg & Marburg, Germany), plant collection at present in HAL, resp. Karsten Wesche (Senckenberg Museum für Naturkunde Görlitz) & Henrik von Wehrden (University Halle-Wittenberg)
Wucherer Private herbarium of Walther Wucherer, University of Greifswald (plant collection currently in GFW)

Technical Terms

Technical terms appearing on various FloraGREIF pages but mostly in habitat descriptions.

Term Explanation
Balks Field boundary
Barkhans Moving parabel shaped desert dunes
Bel Pediment (shallow foothill region of mountains, in arid regions filled with rubble)
Bel, proluvial Coarse to fine sediment accumulated at the foot of a slope building a deltaic lobe, created by weathering of the rocks
Biurgun (e.g. feather grass-biurgun-Ephedra associations) Russian for Anabasis salsa (Stipa-Anabasis-Ephedra community)
Cast (marmot cast) Marmot mound, burrow
Chee (chee grass stands, chee grass thickets) Achnatherum splendens (Trin.) Nevski
Fans (alluvial fans) River sediment in fan-like deposition
Gnawers‘ holes Mound or burrow of rodents
Goletz, goltzy High-montane (alpine) tundras or typical soils of alpine tundra, Russian plural of goletz
Gorge Canyon, ravine
Hammadas Stony deserts
Hypnaceous (e.g. hypnaceous bogs / forests) Refers to the moss family of Hypnaceae within the order of Hypnales
Kolki (birch kolki) Insular groves (usually with birch or aspen) in forest-steppe areas (Grubov 2001: 156)
Melkozem (e.g. melkozem-rubble slopes) Russian, refers to fine soil texture such as chalk, loam or silt (fine soil-rubble slopes)
Placer (e.g. rock placers in alpine belt) Accumulation of minerals in sediments such as sand and gravel formed by deposition
Puffy / puffed (puffy / puffed solonchaks) Refers to the swelling and shrinking dynamics of clayey soils in a semi-/arid climate
s.m. Meant is meter above sea level (a.s.l.)
Sagon Cattle or sheep pen, the place where lifestock stays overnight (often to shelter them from carnivores)
Saltwort (e.g. black saltwort deserts) Halophytic plants, such as glasswort (Salicornia) or further similar species of Chenopodiaceae
Sasa solonchak Alkaline soil with saline upper crust on the surface, devloping in a semi-/arid climate under ascending groundwater in dry regions of Central Asia
Sayr Narrow, canyon-like beds of a temporary river (Arabic wadi, Afrikaans rivier)
Sazes Habitats with constant regime of moistening by groundwaters in dry regions of Central Asia
Schistose (schistose slopes) From schist, a group of medium-grade metamorphic rocks, a kind of slate
Sheep’s-fescue Festuca ovina L. (and related microspecies)
Solonchaks Alkaline soil with saline crust on its surface in a semi-/arid climate
Solonetz Alkaline clayey sodium soils with swelling and shrinking dynamics in a semi-/arid climate
Sondoks Saline soils
Spur (tops of spurs) Foothills, rock overhang
Tailing (upper parts of tailings) Originally means coarse sediment, partly applied for pediment, similar to ‚bel‘
Tailing, proluvial Coarse to fine sediment accumulated at the foot of a slope building a deltaic lobe, created by weathering of the rocks
Takyr Soil or surface of clayey soils forming a dry crust with shrinking fissures on the surface, often with cyanobacteria layers when wet
Takyred (takyred depressions, lowlands) Refers to the dried crust with shrinking fissures at its surface, often heavily saline
Talus Surface of broken rocks found on mountain slopes and at the base of cliffs (pieces usually of larger size than scree) (Pyak et al. 2008)
Tansy Yellow small herbs, it may refer to various families
Taro (e.g. taro deserts… – habitat data of Astragalus gubanovii Ulzij. in Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 8c, 2004) Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott, a tropical plant without occurrence in continental Central Asia. (This term is probably a misapplied translation.)
Toyrim Saline soil places, clayey solonchaks
Tugai forests Riparian Populus gallery forests in arid regions of Central Asia
Urema Decidous floodplain forest (Grubov 2001: 21)
Wormwood (e.g. wormwood-grass steppes) Species of Artemisia (sage) growing as dwarf shrubs
Wortwood (e.g. wortwood-saltwort desert) Frequent orthographic mistake in English-translated floras, meant is wormwood – a species of Artemisia (sage) growing as dwarf shrubs
Zagon Cattle or sheep pen, the place where lifestock stays overnight (often to shelter them from carnivores)

data compiled by: A. Zemmrich

Collectors‘ List

List of collectors and botanists whose plant specimen and/or plant determinations are used on the FloraGREIF website. These names can be used as criterion for the Targeted Search.

H. Ansorge
D. Berger
D. Bumschaa
R. W. Chaney
O. Damdinsürengiyn
S. Danert
C. Davazhamc
T. Dietrich
H. Freitag
N. Friesen
F. Gahlert
V. I. Grubov
I. A. Gubanov
K.-F. Günther
R. Hand
P. Hanelt
H. Heklau
K. Helmecke
W. Hilbig
E. J. Jäger
N. Kilian
K. Kloss
H.-D. Knapp
C. Knopf
S. Koeppen
M. Kretschmer
J. Kruse
N. Lashinski
G. Laskov
B. Littersky
M. Maier-Stolte
L. Martins
G. Miehe
S. Miehe
B. M. Mirkin
R. Neudert
Y. K. Novozhilov
C. Oehmke
K. Pistrick
D. Podlech
S. Rilke
Ch. Sanchir
Z. Schamsran
U. Schickhoff
M. Schnittler
S. Starke
A. Strauss
E. Vitek
U. Voigtländer
H. v. Wehrden
G. Werhahn
K. Wesche
R. Wisskirchen
A. A. Yunatov
A. Zemmrich
D. Zumberelmaa
F. Montfort

Frequent Terms for Habitat Description

This list may help you to find matching habitat description words for the targeted search.

Abandoned Alkaline Alluvial Alpine
Arid Backwater Bank Barkhan
Bed Bel Belt Bench
Birch Birch-Larch Bog Border
Bottom Boulder Brook Camp
Canyon Cedarpine Cedarpine-Larch Channel
Chee-grass
(Achnatherum splendens)
Clayey Clearing Cliffs
Coast Coniferous Creek Crevices
Crop Damp Debris Depression
Desert Desert-Steppe Ditch Dry
Dune Dwarf Exposed Fallow
Field Fissure Fixed Floodplain
Foot Foothill Forb Forest
Forest-Steppe Fringe Garden Glade
Goltzy Gorge Grass Grassland
Gravelly Grove Half-Fixed Haloxylon
Hill Hillocky Hollow Inhabited
Irrigation Irrigation Ditch Kobresia Kolki
Lake Land Larch Light
Limit Low Margin Marshy
Meadow Middle Mixed Moist
Montane Montane-Steppe Moraines Moss-Lichen
Mossy Mountain Nomad Old
Open Outcrop Pebble Pine
Place Plain Plantation Plant
Plot Ploughed Ravine Region
Reservoir River Road Rock
Rocky Rubble Rubbly Ruderal
Saline Sand Sandy Sandy-Pebble
Sayr Screes Scrubs Sedge
Semideserts Shade Shady Shallow
Shoal Shrubberies Shrub Site
Slope Soddy Soil Solonchak
Solonetz Sondoks Southern Spring
Stand Steppe Steppified Stone
Stony Stream Subalpine Submontane
Subsaline Swamp Tailing Talus
Terrace Thicket Toyrim Trail
Tugai Tundra Upper Uremas
Valley Vegetable Wasteland Water
Waterside Weed Well Wet
Willow Woodland Zone

list compiled by: A. Zemmrich & U. Najmi