asyatv.net asyatv.net pdf kitap indir toplist ekle guncel blog
Class:angiosperms
Group:dicotyledons
Order:Lamiales
Family:Orobanchaceae
Genus:Cistanche
Scientific name: Cistanche deserticola Ma
Name acc. to:Gubanov 1996, not in Grubov 1982/2001
Herbar:list records    scans available    
Synonym: C. ambigua auct. fl. Mong., non Bunge (acc. to Gubanov 1996)
Synonym: C. tubulosa auct. non (Schenk) Wight (acc. to Grubov et al. 2006: 12)
Description:Herbs 0.4-1.6 m tall. Stems unbranched or 2-4-branched, 2-10 cm in diam. Leaves on lower part of stem ovate or triangular-ovate, 0.5-1.5 X 1-2 cm; leaves on upper part lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 2-4 cm X 5-10 mm, glabrous. Inflorescences spicate, 15-50 cm; bract subequalling corolla, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, along with bractlets and corolla sparsely pubescent abaxially; bractlets ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, subequalling calyx. Calyx campanulate, 1-1.5 cm; lobes 5, ca. 2.5 X 3-5 mm. Corolla pale yellow-white or pale purple, becoming brown when dry, tubular-campanulate, 3-4 cm, apex 5-lobed; lobes 4-6 X 6-10 mm. Filaments 1.5-2.5 cm, base villous; anthers long ovoid, 3.5-4.5 mm, densely villous, base mucronate. Ovary ellipsoid, ca. 1 cm. Style glabrous, usually persistent; stigma subglobose. Capsule ovoid-globose, 1.5-2.7 X 1.3-1.4 cm. Seeds ellipsoid or ovoid, 0.6-1 mm. (from Zhang & Tzvelev 1998: 230)
Comments:Hosts: Chenopodiaceae, f. e. Haloxylon ammodendron (C. A. Mey.) Bunge
Link to Flora of China:http://www.efloras.org/browse.aspx?flora_id=2&name_str=Cistanche+deserticola
open map in a new windowtaxon distribution for Cistanche deserticola acc. to Geobotanical Regions of Mongolia by Grubov (1955)
Habitat:Sandy places; 200-1200 m (Flora of China, Vol. 18, 1998).
Habit (i)general appearance of a plant
Growth form: (i)Herb, shrub, tree or climber.herb (i)Herbaceous, erect plant, up to 2m high, mostly with a leafy shoot; if perennial, shoots die to the ground each season, shoots are not woody
example: Artemisia pectinata
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: herb
Parasite status: (i)Is the plant a half- or full parasite?Full parasite/ saprophyte (i)Full parasites without chlorophyll, entire plant lacking green color, often succulent
example: Cistanche
inherited by genus Cistanche: Full parasite/ saprophyte
Parasite/saprophyte (i)Plant not or not fully autonomous, leaves often without chlorophyll
example: Cuscuta, Corallorhiza, Epipogium (holomycotrophic)c
inherited by genus Cistanche: Parasite/saprophyte
Water or terrestrial plant: (i)Where do the plants grow?terrestrial (i)Plant grows on dry land
example: Orostachys spinosa
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: terrestrial
Leaf (i)expanded, usually photosynthetic organ of a plant (including phylloclades)
Leaf development: (i)Structure and development of leaves.with green leaves (i)Plant with green leaves inherited by family Orobanchaceae: with green leaves
without green leaves (i)Plant at flowering time (some geophytes) or over its whole life (many parasites) with reduced leaves without chlorophyll
example: Colchicum, Cuscuta, a lot of parasites
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: without green leaves
needles or scales (i)Leaves short, broad more or less adjacent to axis (scales)) or acicular (needles)
example: Pinus (needles), Cupressus, Ephedra (scales)
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: needles or scales
Leaf veination: (i)Arrangement of the main veins of a leaf.pinnate (i)One main vein, several side veins, sometimes inconspicuous
example: Cicerbita
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: pinnate
Flower (i)reproductive portion of the plant, consisting of sepals, petals, stamens, and pistils
Flower appearance and pollination: (i)General appearance of the flower.attractive, animal-pollinated (i)attractive and coloured flowers, mostly large, attracting surely animals
example: Trollius, Rosa, Chamaerhodos
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: attractive, animal-pollinated
Flower colour: (i)Attention: assess colour of the most colourful parts of the flower, but not of the stamens; be aware of single plants with a mutation (mostly white) on flower colour.white (i)Most plants of the population white
example: Pleurospermum, Maianthemum

yellow to orange (i)Pale to golden yellow
example: Ranunculus, Crepis

Perianth arrangement: (i)Attention: in some plants, flowers may be dimorphic in different ways (dioecious or gynodioecious). If flowers vary, record the characters of the most showy flowers.double, different (i)Two types of perianth leaves, differently coloured (sepals: outer periant leaves, usually greenish, and petals: inner perianth leaves, usually coloured)
example: Parnassia
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: double, different
Diameter of flower: (i)Diameter of flower or flower head. from 20 mm to 40 mm (i)
example: Aquilegia

Flower symmetry: (i)Symmetry of the perianth leaves. Attention: to assess this character, look on sepals, petals and stamens, but neglect carpels and ovary.zygomorphic (i)One axis of symmetry, monosymmetrical flowers
example: Pedicularis, Nepeta, Viola
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: zygomorphic
Flower form: (i)common forms of flowers ? Veronicatubular to funnel-shaped (i)Petals form a tube, are often partially united to a cylindrical corolla, often surrounded by a calyx inherited by genus Cistanche: tubular to funnel-shaped
campanulate (i)Petals united to a bell-shaped corolla inherited by genus Cistanche: campanulate
bilabiate (i)Petals froming two lips, flower usually zygomorphic
example: Lamiaceae, Scrophulariaceae p.p.
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: bilabiate
Sepal number: (i)Number of sepal leaves (outer perianth leaves, calyx leaves, mostly greenish). Attention, this character applies only for flowers separated in sepals and petals, thus excluding most monocots. Be aware of the bracts (involucral leaves) of Asteraceae flowerheads, do not qualify these as sepals! Be also aware in Rosaceae is often an epicalyx developed, in this case count all parts.2 (i)
example: Papaveraceae
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: 2
3 (i)
example: Baldellia, Alisma
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: 3
4 (i)
example: Sinapis
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: 4
5 (i)
example: Polemonium
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: 5
Petal / Tepal number: (i)Number of petal leaves (inner perianth leaves, usually coloured).4 (i)
example: Galium
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: 4
5 (i)
example: Potentilla
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: 5
Petal / Tepal fusion: (i)To which degree are the petal leaves connected? Petals sympetalous.fused (i)petal leaves united, only tips are free (gamopetalous, sympetalous)
example: Linnaea, Adenophora, Stellera
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: fused
Stamen number: (i)Attention: We ask for the reproductive organs of the flower dispersing pollen. Count only fully fertile stamens, not staminodia (e.g. Parnassia).4 (i)Extremely rare, may be absent
example: Plantago
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: 4
5 (i)
example: Peucedanum
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: 5
Style number: (i)Portion of the pistil connecting the stigma to the ovary.1 inherited by family Orobanchaceae: 1
Stigma number per style: (i)Number of stigmas per style.1 (i)One stigma, sessile or with a developed style inherited by family Orobanchaceae: 1
2 (i)Two stigmas, resulting from two fused carpels with or without developed style inherited by family Orobanchaceae: 2
Ovary position: (i)For entirely or partly fused carpels, describe their position in relation to the insertion point of perianth leaves (best done by doing a longitudinal section of a flower).superior (hypogynous) (i)Base of carpels attached above insertion point of perianth leaves, carpels free or fused
example: Delphinium, Anemone
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: superior (hypogynous)
Sex: (i)Distribution of male and female organs among flowers, only most commonly cases.bisexual, hermaphrodite (i)All or nearly all flowers of a plant with male and female parts
example: Haplophyllum, Chenopodium
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: bisexual, hermaphrodite
Inflorescence (i)flowering part of a plant, describes the arrangement of the flowers on the flowering axis
Inflorescence: (i)Structure of the inflorescence.Flowers in inflorescence (i)No solitary flowers inherited by family Orobanchaceae: Flowers in inflorescence
Appearance: (i)Outer look of the inflorescence.terminal (i)Inflorescence is the highest point of the plant and may consist of a single flower only
example: Cypripedium, Rhaponticum, Ligularia sibirica, Echinops
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: terminal
Inflorescence type: (i)Types of inflorescence. Attention: We here ask for the botanical nomenclature of inflorescences, which is sufficiently complicated. Tick only, if you are certain, or tick all inflorescence types that appear similar of these of the plant in question.spike (spadix) (i)All flowers sessile and crowded along a main axis, there may be several spikes on a shoot; sometimes axis thickened (spadix)
example: Plantago, Carex vesicaria, Vicia, Typha (spadix)
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: spike (spadix)
raceme (i)Stalked flowers arranged along a simple main axis, often one by one in the axils of leaves, maturing from bottom upwards
example: Aconitum barbatum
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: raceme
Fruit (i)the seed bearing organ, with or without adnate parts; a ripened ovary and any other structures which are attached and ripen with it. Aggregate fruits are handled like simple fruits for determination.
Consistency: (i)Fleshy fruits or dry fruits, see dispersal adaptations for further classification.dry (i)With a dry outer shell, no fleshy parts, but seed (embryo) could be edible inherited by family Orobanchaceae: dry
Type of fruit: (i)Common fruit types (including pseudocarp).Solitary fruits (i) inherited by family Orobanchaceae: Solitary fruits
capsule (i)Dry dehiscent fruit, releasing seeds by slits or holes.
example: Poppy, most Caryophyllaceae, Cerastium, a lot of Scrophulariaceae, Iris (oppened capsule looks like Delphinium), Zygophyllum - it is a very common fruit type
inherited by family Orobanchaceae: capsule
Dehiscent fruits (i)Fruits open along a longitudinale line (except silicula) inherited by family Orobanchaceae: Dehiscent fruits
Root / shoot below ground (i)plant part below ground (in most cases), including below ground shoots, without leaves
Root type: (i)Organisation of the roots.allorhizous (i)Plant with a conspicuous tap root, one larger tap root with side roots
example: Dicotyledonae
inherited by class: allorhizous
Distribution (i)region where the plant is likely to be found
Distribution (Veg. Zones): (i)acc. to Grubov 1952Mongolian Altai (i)In distribution data often named as '7'
Depression of Great Lakes (i)In distribution data often named as '10'
Valley of Lakes (i)In distribution data often named as '11'
East Gobi (i)In distribution data often named as '12'
Transaltai Gobi (i)In distribution data often named as '15'
Phenology (i)flowering and fruting period
Flowering Period: (i)Period of the year the plant is floweringMay
June
Fruiting Period: (i)Period of the year the plant is fruitingJune
July
August
Plant Status
Red list status: (i)Rare Mongolian plantsvery rare (Shiirevdamba 2007) (i)Very rare plant