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Class:angiosperms
Group:dicotyledons
Order:Rosales
Family:Rosaceae
Genus:Rosa
Scientific name: Rosa acicularis Lindl.
Name acc. to:Gubanov 1996
Herbar:list records    scans available    
Description:Shoots densely covered with straight acicular spines and bristles. Leaves up to 15 cm long, with 5-7 large dentate leaflets, leaflets 1.5-5 cm long. Flowers dark pink or reddish, 3-6 cm in diam., solitary or by 2-3.
Confuse with:R. davurica
Tax. Comments:Widely distributed species with great morphological variation. Specimens with few spines were identified as R. davurica.
Link to Flora of China:http://www.efloras.org/browse.aspx?flora_id=2&name_str=Rosa+acicularis
open map in a new windowtaxon distribution for Rosa acicularis acc. to Geobotanical Regions of Mongolia by Grubov (1955)
Habitat:Larch and pine forests, birch kolki, forest fringes, waterside shrubberies, uremas, rocks, residual mountains, screes, stony places in forest and alpine belt (Grubov 2001).
Habit (i)general appearance of a plant
Growth form: (i)Herb, shrub, tree or climber.shrub, subshrub or semishrub (i)Shrub, multi-stemmed, mostly (0.2) 0.5 - 5 m high, shoots woody up to the tip
example: Caragana leucophloea
inherited by genus Rosa: shrub, subshrub or semishrub
Parasite status: (i)Is the plant a half- or full parasite?no parasite/saprophyte (i)Plant fully autonomous, leaves with chlorophyll
example: Most plants, Ranunculus
inherited by family Rosaceae: no parasite/saprophyte
Water or terrestrial plant: (i)Where do the plants grow?terrestrial (i)Plant grows on dry land
example: Orostachys spinosa
inherited by genus Rosa: terrestrial
Leaf (i)expanded, usually photosynthetic organ of a plant (including phylloclades)
Leaf development: (i)Structure and development of leaves.with green leaves (i)Plant with green leaves inherited by family Rosaceae: with green leaves
Leaf arrangement: (i)Arrangement of leaves at the stem.alternate (i)One leaf per node; distiche: arranged in two vertical rows, equitant
example: Phragmites
inherited by genus Rosa: alternate
Simple or divided leaves: (i)Are the leaves simple or completely divided in several parts? Blade of the leaf entire or (more or less) deeply dissected. Attention: There are various appearances of the leaf margin (from entire to toothed and lobed). Here, we ignore this and ask only for dissections that separate the leaf for more than one third of its length or width, whatever is smaller. Sometimes, it is difficult to tell apart compound leaves from a shoot system with simple leaves: look for stipulae and/or axillary buds at the ground of the leaves: if only some possess these structures, the others are most likely leaflets of a compound leaf.imparipinnate / ottpinnate (i)A pinnate leaf with an central unpaired terminal leaflet inherited by genus Rosa: imparipinnate / ottpinnate
compound (i)Composed of several similar parts inherited by genus Rosa: compound
pinnate (i)With leaflets on both sides of an axis, at least 2 pairs or more
example: Onobrychis
inherited by genus Rosa: pinnate
Petiole: (i)Leaf divided into stalk (petiole) and blade.with (i)Leaves with petiole (stalk) inherited by genus Rosa: with
Stipule: (i)Leaflets at the base of the petiole, these are smaller and of different shape.pair (i)A pair of free stipulae
example: Lathyrus, Trifolium
inherited by genus Rosa: pair
Leaf veination: (i)Arrangement of the main veins of a leaf.pinnate (i)One main vein, several side veins, sometimes inconspicuous
example: Cicerbita
inherited by genus Rosa: pinnate
Flower (i)reproductive portion of the plant, consisting of sepals, petals, stamens, and pistils
Flower appearance and pollination: (i)General appearance of the flower.attractive, animal-pollinated (i)attractive and coloured flowers, mostly large, attracting surely animals
example: Trollius, Rosa, Chamaerhodos
inherited by family Rosaceae: attractive, animal-pollinated
Perianth arrangement: (i)Attention: in some plants, flowers may be dimorphic in different ways (dioecious or gynodioecious). If flowers vary, record the characters of the most showy flowers.double, different (i)Two types of perianth leaves, differently coloured (sepals: outer periant leaves, usually greenish, and petals: inner perianth leaves, usually coloured)
example: Parnassia
inherited by genus Rosa: double, different
Flower symmetry: (i)Symmetry of the perianth leaves. Attention: to assess this character, look on sepals, petals and stamens, but neglect carpels and ovary.radiary, regular (actinomorphic) (i)More than two axis of symmetry
example: Saxifraga: 5; Iris: 3
inherited by family Rosaceae: radiary, regular (actinomorphic)
Flower form: (i)common forms of flowers ? Veronicasimple (flat) - Do not confuse with inflorescences as in some Asteraceae (i)Petals spread out, flower appearing flat
example: Mollugo, Trientalis, Pulsatilla, Saxifraga
inherited by family Rosaceae: simple (flat) - Do not confuse with inflorescences as in some Asteraceae
Sepal number: (i)Number of sepal leaves (outer perianth leaves, calyx leaves, mostly greenish). Attention, this character applies only for flowers separated in sepals and petals, thus excluding most monocots. Be aware of the bracts (involucral leaves) of Asteraceae flowerheads, do not qualify these as sepals! Be also aware in Rosaceae is often an epicalyx developed, in this case count all parts.5 (i)
example: Polemonium
inherited by genus Rosa: 5
Petal / Tepal number: (i)Number of petal leaves (inner perianth leaves, usually coloured).5 (i)
example: Potentilla
inherited by genus Rosa: 5
Petal / Tepal fusion: (i)To which degree are the petal leaves connected? Petals sympetalous.free (i)all petal leaves separate from each other
example: Anthriscus
inherited by family Rosaceae: free
Spur: (i)A hollow, slender, sac-like appendage of the perianth leaves, storing nectar.no spur (i)Flower without appendage
example: Peganum
inherited by family Rosaceae: no spur
Stamen number: (i)Attention: We ask for the reproductive organs of the flower dispersing pollen. Count only fully fertile stamens, not staminodia (e.g. Parnassia).> 10 (i)
example: Nymphaea, Callianthemum, Rosa
inherited by genus Rosa: > 10
Stamen fusion: (i)To which degree are the stamens fused? Attention: Whereas the pollen sacs itself are often free., their stalks (filaments) may be fused. Here, we count them as fused if they are together over at least one thirth of their length.free (i)Stamens with separate bases
example: Malus
inherited by family Rosaceae: free
Carpel number: (i)Number of carpels (carpel: forming a simple pistil or part of a compound pistil, modified leaf).> 5 inherited by genus Rosa: > 5
Carpel fusion: (i)To which degree are the carpels (modified leaf forming simple pistil or part of a compound pistil) fused.free (i)Carpels entirely free
example: Geum, Aconitum
inherited by genus Rosa: free
Ovary position: (i)For entirely or partly fused carpels, describe their position in relation to the insertion point of perianth leaves (best done by doing a longitudinal section of a flower).inferior (i)Ovary below the point where perianth leaves are inserted, always fused to an ovary
example: Vaccinum
inherited by genus Rosa: inferior
Sex: (i)Distribution of male and female organs among flowers, only most commonly cases.bisexual, hermaphrodite (i)All or nearly all flowers of a plant with male and female parts
example: Haplophyllum, Chenopodium
inherited by genus Rosa: bisexual, hermaphrodite
Inflorescence (i)flowering part of a plant, describes the arrangement of the flowers on the flowering axis
Inflorescence: (i)Structure of the inflorescence.Solitary flowers (i)Each flower grows on an own leafy stem there may be more than one, if the plant has many leafy shoots
example: Viola, Saxifraga hirculus, Rubus arcticus
inherited by genus Rosa: Solitary flowers
Appearance: (i)Outer look of the inflorescence.terminal (i)Inflorescence is the highest point of the plant and may consist of a single flower only
example: Cypripedium, Rhaponticum, Ligularia sibirica, Echinops
inherited by genus Rosa: terminal
Fruit (i)the seed bearing organ, with or without adnate parts; a ripened ovary and any other structures which are attached and ripen with it. Aggregate fruits are handled like simple fruits for determination.
Consistency: (i)Fleshy fruits or dry fruits, see dispersal adaptations for further classification.fleshy (i)Usually non dehiscent; with a fleshy (swollen because of a high water content) outer shell, flesh edible at least for animals
example: Prunus, Amygdalus, Malus
inherited by genus Rosa: fleshy
Type of fruit: (i)Common fruit types (including pseudocarp).Aggregated fruits (i) inherited by genus Rosa: Aggregated fruits
hip (rose hip) (i)A berry-like structure composed of an enlarged hypanthium surrounding numerous achenes
example: Typical fruit in Rosa
inherited by genus Rosa: hip (rose hip)
Opening of fruit: (i)Mode of dehiscence at maturity to release seeds.not opening / indehiscent (i)Fruits remain closed at maturity and disperse with seeds inside
example: Corylus (nut), Vaccinium (berry)
inherited by genus Rosa: not opening / indehiscent
Dispersal: (i)Appearance of fruit or seed (if single) and adaptations to dispersal.Fleshy, edible (i)At least parts with a soft tissue edible at least for some animals (not necessarily for humans) inherited by genus Rosa: Fleshy, edible
Shoot/Stem (i)a young stem or branch
Spines, thorns or prickles: (i)Shoot with conspicuous spines, thorns or prickles.prickles (i)A small, sharp pointed outgrow of the epidermis or bark, detactable without tearing tzhe plant
example: Galium uliginosum
inherited by genus Rosa: prickles
Root / shoot below ground (i)plant part below ground (in most cases), including below ground shoots, without leaves
Root type: (i)Organisation of the roots.allorhizous (i)Plant with a conspicuous tap root, one larger tap root with side roots
example: Dicotyledonae
inherited by class: allorhizous
Distribution (i)region where the plant is likely to be found
Distribution (Veg. Zones): (i)acc. to Grubov 1952Khubsgul (i)In distribution data often named as '1'
Khentei (i)In distribution data often named as '2'
Khangai (i)In distribution data often named as '3'
Mongol-Daurian (i)In distribution data often named as '4'
Great Khingan (i)In distribution data often named as '5'
Khobdo (i)In distribution data often named as '6'
Mongolian Altai (i)In distribution data often named as '7'
Middle Khalkha (i)In distribution data often named as '8'
East Mongolia (i)In distribution data often named as '9'
Gobi-Altai (i)In distribution data often named as '13'
acc. to: "Gubanov 1996
Distribution Khangay: (i)acc. Flora Khangaya 1989I
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