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Class:angiosperms
Group:dicotyledons
Order:Malpighiales
Family:Salicaceae
Genus:Salix
Scientific name: Salix arctica Pall.
Name acc. to:Gubanov 1996
Herbar:list records    scans available    
Synonym: S. torulosa Trautv. (acc. to Grubov 1982)
Link to Flora of China:http://www.efloras.org/browse.aspx?flora_id=2&name_str=Salix+arctica
open map in a new windowtaxon distribution for Salix arctica acc. to Geobotanical Regions of Mongolia by Grubov (1955)
Habitat:Goltzy, tundra, alpine meadows (Grubov 2001).
Habit (i)general appearance of a plant
Growth form: (i)Herb, shrub, tree or climber.herb (i)Herbaceous, erect plant, up to 2m high, mostly with a leafy shoot; if perennial, shoots die to the ground each season, shoots are not woody
example: Artemisia pectinata
inherited by family Salicaceae: herb
perennial (i)Living for several to many years, as opposed to annual and biennial inherited by family Salicaceae: perennial
shrub, subshrub or semishrub (i)Shrub, multi-stemmed, mostly (0.2) 0.5 - 5 m high, shoots woody up to the tip
example: Caragana leucophloea
inherited by family Salicaceae: shrub, subshrub or semishrub
tree (i)Woody plant with a clear main trunk, at least 2-3 m tall
example: Ulmus pumila
inherited by family Salicaceae: tree
Parasite status: (i)Is the plant a half- or full parasite?no parasite/saprophyte (i)Plant fully autonomous, leaves with chlorophyll
example: Most plants, Ranunculus
inherited by family Salicaceae: no parasite/saprophyte
Water or terrestrial plant: (i)Where do the plants grow?terrestrial (i)Plant grows on dry land
example: Orostachys spinosa
inherited by family Salicaceae: terrestrial
Leaf (i)expanded, usually photosynthetic organ of a plant (including phylloclades)
Leaf development: (i)Structure and development of leaves.with green leaves (i)Plant with green leaves inherited by family Salicaceae: with green leaves
Leaf arrangement: (i)Arrangement of leaves at the stem.alternate (i)One leaf per node; distiche: arranged in two vertical rows, equitant
example: Phragmites
inherited by family Salicaceae: alternate
Simple or divided leaves: (i)Are the leaves simple or completely divided in several parts? Blade of the leaf entire or (more or less) deeply dissected. Attention: There are various appearances of the leaf margin (from entire to toothed and lobed). Here, we ignore this and ask only for dissections that separate the leaf for more than one third of its length or width, whatever is smaller. Sometimes, it is difficult to tell apart compound leaves from a shoot system with simple leaves: look for stipulae and/or axillary buds at the ground of the leaves: if only some possess these structures, the others are most likely leaflets of a compound leaf.simple (i)Non-divided leaf, but margin may be incised nearly to the ground inherited by family Salicaceae: simple
Petiole: (i)Leaf divided into stalk (petiole) and blade.with (i)Leaves with petiole (stalk) inherited by family Salicaceae: with
Stipule: (i)Leaflets at the base of the petiole, these are smaller and of different shape.none (i)Without stipules
example: Euphorbia, Ericaceae s.l.
inherited by family Salicaceae: none
pair (i)A pair of free stipulae
example: Lathyrus, Trifolium
inherited by family Salicaceae: pair
Leaf veination: (i)Arrangement of the main veins of a leaf.pinnate (i)One main vein, several side veins, sometimes inconspicuous
example: Cicerbita
inherited by family Salicaceae: pinnate
Flower (i)reproductive portion of the plant, consisting of sepals, petals, stamens, and pistils
Flower appearance and pollination: (i)General appearance of the flower.not attractive, wind-pollinated or some water plants (i)Small, colourless or green flowers
example: Betula, grasslike plants: Carex, Setaria, Juncus
inherited by family Salicaceae: not attractive, wind-pollinated or some water plants
Perianth arrangement: (i)Attention: in some plants, flowers may be dimorphic in different ways (dioecious or gynodioecious). If flowers vary, record the characters of the most showy flowers.absent or strongly reduced (i)No perianth leaves ensheathing stamen and/or carpels
example: Callitriche
inherited by family Salicaceae: absent or strongly reduced
Diameter of flower: (i)Diameter of flower or flower head. to 5 mm (i)
example: Aruncus
inherited by family Salicaceae:
from 5 mm to 10 mm (i)
example: Stellaria
inherited by family Salicaceae:
Spur: (i)A hollow, slender, sac-like appendage of the perianth leaves, storing nectar.no spur (i)Flower without appendage
example: Peganum
inherited by family Salicaceae: no spur
Stamen number: (i)Attention: We ask for the reproductive organs of the flower dispersing pollen. Count only fully fertile stamens, not staminodia (e.g. Parnassia).2 (i)
example: Cypripedium
inherited by genus Salix: 2
3 (i)
example: Poa, Iris
inherited by genus Salix: 3
5 (i)
example: Peucedanum
inherited by genus Salix: 5
Stamen fusion: (i)To which degree are the stamens fused? Attention: Whereas the pollen sacs itself are often free., their stalks (filaments) may be fused. Here, we count them as fused if they are together over at least one thirth of their length.free (i)Stamens with separate bases
example: Malus
inherited by family Salicaceae: free
fused with each other (i)All or most stamens fused with each other to a tube-like structure
example: Caragana, Petasites
inherited by genus Salix: fused with each other
Pistil number: (i)Number of pistils (female floral organs: style, if developed; stigma and carpels/ovary together build the pistil).1 (i)One carpel, but clearly one stigma
example: Pyrola, Primula, Alyssum
inherited by family Salicaceae: 1
Carpel fusion: (i)To which degree are the carpels (modified leaf forming simple pistil or part of a compound pistil) fused.fused (i)Carpels united into an ovary, only styles are free
example: Malus, Berberis
inherited by family Salicaceae: fused
Stigma number per style: (i)Number of stigmas per style.2 (i)Two stigmas, resulting from two fused carpels with or without developed style inherited by family Salicaceae: 2
Ovary position: (i)For entirely or partly fused carpels, describe their position in relation to the insertion point of perianth leaves (best done by doing a longitudinal section of a flower).superior (hypogynous) (i)Base of carpels attached above insertion point of perianth leaves, carpels free or fused
example: Delphinium, Anemone
inherited by family Salicaceae: superior (hypogynous)
Sex: (i)Distribution of male and female organs among flowers, only most commonly cases.unisexual (i)
example: Rhodiola
inherited by family Salicaceae: unisexual
dioecious (i)Male and female flowers at different individuals
example: Antennaria
inherited by family Salicaceae: dioecious
Inflorescence (i)flowering part of a plant, describes the arrangement of the flowers on the flowering axis
Inflorescence: (i)Structure of the inflorescence.Flowers in inflorescence (i)No solitary flowers inherited by family Salicaceae: Flowers in inflorescence
Compound inflorescences (i)Flowers on shoots of higher orders (complex branched)
example: Solidago
inherited by family Salicaceae: Compound inflorescences
Appearance: (i)Outer look of the inflorescence.axillary (i)Usually several inflorescences in axillary shoots or single flowers in leaf axils, main shoot remains mostly leafy
example: Tragopogon, Aconogonon
inherited by family Salicaceae: axillary
Inflorescence type: (i)Types of inflorescence. Attention: We here ask for the botanical nomenclature of inflorescences, which is sufficiently complicated. Tick only, if you are certain, or tick all inflorescence types that appear similar of these of the plant in question.catkin (i)Mostly unisexual flowers, in pendulous spikes ore racemes, often falling as a whole after fruiting
example: Betula (male pendulous, female upward), Corylus (only male inflorescences, pendulous), Salix (strict upward), Populus (pendulous)
inherited by family Salicaceae: catkin
others (in traits_comments nicht aufgeführt) (i)Not as above
example: Sparganium: globose capitate
inherited by family Salicaceae: others (in traits_comments nicht aufgeführt)
Fruit (i)the seed bearing organ, with or without adnate parts; a ripened ovary and any other structures which are attached and ripen with it. Aggregate fruits are handled like simple fruits for determination.
Consistency: (i)Fleshy fruits or dry fruits, see dispersal adaptations for further classification.dry (i)With a dry outer shell, no fleshy parts, but seed (embryo) could be edible inherited by family Salicaceae: dry
Type of fruit: (i)Common fruit types (including pseudocarp).Solitary fruits (i) inherited by family Salicaceae: Solitary fruits
capsule (i)Dry dehiscent fruit, releasing seeds by slits or holes.
example: Poppy, most Caryophyllaceae, Cerastium, a lot of Scrophulariaceae, Iris (oppened capsule looks like Delphinium), Zygophyllum - it is a very common fruit type
inherited by family Salicaceae: capsule
Dehiscent fruits (i)Fruits open along a longitudinale line (except silicula) inherited by family Salicaceae: Dehiscent fruits
Opening of fruit: (i)Mode of dehiscence at maturity to release seeds.not opening / indehiscent (i)Fruits remain closed at maturity and disperse with seeds inside
example: Corylus (nut), Vaccinium (berry)
inherited by family Salicaceae: not opening / indehiscent
Size of fruit: (i)Size of the fruit including appendage. to 5 mm (i)
example: Halerpestes: many folicles forming dry nutlets
inherited by family Salicaceae:
Dispersal: (i)Appearance of fruit or seed (if single) and adaptations to dispersal.Flying (wind dispersed) (i)Fruits or seeds with appendages to fly
example: Taraxacum, Atraphaxis, Pulsatilla
inherited by family Salicaceae: Flying (wind dispersed)
Root / shoot below ground (i)plant part below ground (in most cases), including below ground shoots, without leaves
Root type: (i)Organisation of the roots.allorhizous (i)Plant with a conspicuous tap root, one larger tap root with side roots
example: Dicotyledonae
inherited by class: allorhizous
Distribution (i)region where the plant is likely to be found
Distribution (Veg. Zones): (i)acc. to Grubov 1952Khubsgul (i)In distribution data often named as '1'
Khangai (i)In distribution data often named as '3'
Khobdo (i)In distribution data often named as '6'
Mongolian Altai (i)In distribution data often named as '7'
acc. to: Gubanov 1996
Distribution Khangay: (i)acc. Flora Khangaya 1989I
III