pdf kitap indir toplist ekle guncel blog
Scientific name: Amygdalus mongolica (Maxim.) Ricker
Name acc. to:Gubanov 1996
Herbar:list records    scans available    photo available    
Description:Small shrub 25-80 cm high, very thorny. Leaves 0.5-1.5 cm long, oval, finely serrate-dentate, glabrous, coriaceous. Flowers pink, expanding before leaves. Fruits subsessile, dry.
Link to Flora of China:
open map in a new windowtaxon distribution for Amygdalus mongolica acc. to Geobotanical Regions of Mongolia by Grubov (1955)
Habit (i)general appearance of a plant
Growth form: (i)Herb, shrub, tree or climber.herb (i)Herbaceous, erect plant, up to 2m high, mostly with a leafy shoot; if perennial, shoots die to the ground each season, shoots are not woody
example: Artemisia pectinata
inherited by genus Amygdalus: herb
perennial (i)Living for several to many years, as opposed to annual and biennial inherited by genus Amygdalus: perennial
shrub, subshrub or semishrub (i)Shrub, multi-stemmed, mostly (0.2) 0.5 - 5 m high, shoots woody up to the tip
example: Caragana leucophloea

tree (i)Woody plant with a clear main trunk, at least 2-3 m tall
example: Ulmus pumila
inherited by genus Amygdalus: tree
Parasite status: (i)Is the plant a half- or full parasite?no parasite/saprophyte (i)Plant fully autonomous, leaves with chlorophyll
example: Most plants, Ranunculus
inherited by family Rosaceae: no parasite/saprophyte
Leaf (i)expanded, usually photosynthetic organ of a plant (including phylloclades)
Leaf development: (i)Structure and development of leaves.with green leaves (i)Plant with green leaves inherited by family Rosaceae: with green leaves
Leaf arrangement: (i)Arrangement of leaves at the stem.opposite, opposite-decussate (i)Two leaves per node
example: Lamiaceae, e.g. Phlomis
inherited by genus Amygdalus: opposite, opposite-decussate
basal rosette (i)Leaves positioned at the base of the stem; stem often without leaves, no visible internodes (but flowers often on erect stems, and these may have few leaves)
example: Limonium, Potentilla, Plantago; also used in Liliales with basaly crouwded leaves (Tofieldia, Zigadenus etc.)
inherited by genus Amygdalus: basal rosette
Stipule: (i)Leaflets at the base of the petiole, these are smaller and of different shape.pair (i)A pair of free stipulae
example: Lathyrus, Trifolium
inherited by genus Amygdalus: pair
Flower (i)reproductive portion of the plant, consisting of sepals, petals, stamens, and pistils
Flower appearance and pollination: (i)General appearance of the flower.attractive, animal-pollinated (i)attractive and coloured flowers, mostly large, attracting surely animals
example: Trollius, Rosa, Chamaerhodos
inherited by family Rosaceae: attractive, animal-pollinated
Perianth arrangement: (i)Attention: in some plants, flowers may be dimorphic in different ways (dioecious or gynodioecious). If flowers vary, record the characters of the most showy flowers.double, different (i)Two types of perianth leaves, differently coloured (sepals: outer periant leaves, usually greenish, and petals: inner perianth leaves, usually coloured)
example: Parnassia
inherited by genus Amygdalus: double, different
Flower symmetry: (i)Symmetry of the perianth leaves. Attention: to assess this character, look on sepals, petals and stamens, but neglect carpels and ovary.radiary, regular (actinomorphic) (i)More than two axis of symmetry
example: Saxifraga: 5; Iris: 3
inherited by family Rosaceae: radiary, regular (actinomorphic)
Flower form: (i)common forms of flowers ? Veronicasimple (flat) - Do not confuse with inflorescences as in some Asteraceae (i)Petals spread out, flower appearing flat
example: Mollugo, Trientalis, Pulsatilla, Saxifraga
inherited by family Rosaceae: simple (flat) - Do not confuse with inflorescences as in some Asteraceae
Sepal number: (i)Number of sepal leaves (outer perianth leaves, calyx leaves, mostly greenish). Attention, this character applies only for flowers separated in sepals and petals, thus excluding most monocots. Be aware of the bracts (involucral leaves) of Asteraceae flowerheads, do not qualify these as sepals! Be also aware in Rosaceae is often an epicalyx developed, in this case count all parts.5 (i)
example: Polemonium
inherited by genus Amygdalus: 5
Petal / Tepal number: (i)Number of petal leaves (inner perianth leaves, usually coloured).5 (i)
example: Potentilla
inherited by genus Amygdalus: 5
Petal / Tepal fusion: (i)To which degree are the petal leaves connected? Petals (i)all petal leaves separate from each other
example: Anthriscus
inherited by family Rosaceae: free inherited by genus Amygdalus: free
Spur: (i)A hollow, slender, sac-like appendage of the perianth leaves, storing spur (i)Flower without appendage
example: Peganum
inherited by family Rosaceae: no spur
Stamen fusion: (i)To which degree are the stamens fused? Attention: Whereas the pollen sacs itself are often free., their stalks (filaments) may be fused. Here, we count them as fused if they are together over at least one thirth of their (i)Stamens with separate bases
example: Malus
inherited by family Rosaceae: free
Inflorescence (i)flowering part of a plant, describes the arrangement of the flowers on the flowering axis
Inflorescence: (i)Structure of the inflorescence.Solitary flowers (i)Each flower grows on an own leafy stem there may be more than one, if the plant has many leafy shoots
example: Viola, Saxifraga hirculus, Rubus arcticus
inherited by genus Amygdalus: Solitary flowers
Fruit (i)the seed bearing organ, with or without adnate parts; a ripened ovary and any other structures which are attached and ripen with it. Aggregate fruits are handled like simple fruits for determination.
Consistency: (i)Fleshy fruits or dry fruits, see dispersal adaptations for further classification.fleshy (i)Usually non dehiscent; with a fleshy (swollen because of a high water content) outer shell, flesh edible at least for animals
example: Prunus, Amygdalus, Malus
inherited by genus Amygdalus: fleshy
Type of fruit: (i)Common fruit types (including pseudocarp).Indehiscent fruits inherited by genus Amygdalus: Indehiscent fruits
Solitary fruits (i) inherited by genus Amygdalus: Solitary fruits
achene (i)A small, dry, indehiscent fruit with a single seed
example: Asteraceae, Apiaceae (schizocarp), Dipsacaceae, Rosaceae, Ranunculaceae
inherited by genus Amygdalus: achene
berry (i)Fleshy fruit with several to many seeds in the flesh
example: Tomato
inherited by genus Amygdalus: berry
nut or nutlet (i)Dry fruit with a single, hard stone inside (and usually a large often edible embryo) inherited by genus Amygdalus: nut or nutlet
drupe (stone fruit) (i)Fleshy, indehiscent fruit with a single, hard stone inside
example: Plum, cherry
inherited by genus Amygdalus: drupe (stone fruit)
Dispersal: (i)Appearance of fruit or seed (if single) and adaptations to dispersal.Fleshy, edible (i)At least parts with a soft tissue edible at least for some animals (not necessarily for humans) inherited by genus Amygdalus: Fleshy, edible
Flying (wind dispersed) (i)Fruits or seeds with appendages to fly
example: Taraxacum, Atraphaxis, Pulsatilla
inherited by genus Amygdalus: Flying (wind dispersed)
Otherwise (i)All parts dry, no conspicuous adaptations inherited by genus Amygdalus: Otherwise
Root / shoot below ground (i)plant part below ground (in most cases), including below ground shoots, without leaves
Root type: (i)Organisation of the roots.allorhizous (i)Plant with a conspicuous tap root, one larger tap root with side roots
example: Dicotyledonae
inherited by order Rosales: allorhizous
Distribution (i)region where the plant is likely to be found
Distribution (Veg. Zones): (i)acc. to Grubov 1952East Gobi (i)In distribution data often named as '12'
Gobi-Altai (i)In distribution data often named as '13'
Alashan Gobi (i)In distribution data often named as '16'
acc. to: Gubanov 1996
Plant Status
Endemism:subendemit: East Mongolia within Outer Mongolia
acc. to: Gubanov 1996
Red list status: (i)Rare Mongolian plantsrare (Shiirevdamba 2007) (i)Rare plant